The nuclear consequences of the events in Japan represented a defining moment – for Japan and the whole world. The German government and the minister-presidents of the Länder with nuclear power plants therefore decided to have the safety of all nuclear power plants in Germany reviewed, and to reassess the risks of the use of nuclear energy as part of a broad dialogue with society and the Ethics Commission on a Safe Energy Supply.
Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom of 19 July 2011 establishing a Community framework for the responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste and Council Directive 2009/71/Euratom of 25 June 2009 establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations, amended by Council Directive 2014/87/Euratom of 8 July 2014, had to be transposed into national law by the EU member states.
The Atomic Energy Act (Atomgesetz, AtG), the legislative ordinances based on it and the Repository Site Selection Act (Standortauswahlgesetz) adopted by the German Bundestag in June 2013 already covered a large share of the directives’ provisions. The entry into force of the 14th Act amending the AtG on 26 November 2015 and of the 15th Act amending the AtG on 10 June 2017 brought additional provisions into effect.