On 19 August, 2009 the Federal government adopted a National Development Plan for Electric Mobility (NEPE). The NEPE, which was developed jointly by the Ministries for the Environment (BMU), Economics (BMWi), Transport (BMVBS) and Research (BMBF), aims at promoting research and development, market preparation and the market introduction of battery-powered vehicles in Germany. Market development up to 2020 is to take place in three phases:
Phase 1: market preparation up to 2011
Phase 2: market development up to 2016
Phase 3: high-volume market from 2017
There are plans to increase the number of electric vehicles in Germany to one million by 2020 and turn Germany into a lead market for electric mobility.
Electric mobility contributes to implementing energy and climate policy targets
- Electric mobility is to make a substantial contribution to reaching climate protection targets.
- Using regenerative energy sources to meet the energy demand of electric vehicles will contribute to achieving the goal of increasing the use of renewable energies and improving the integration of fluctuating producers into the grid. In the long term this will help improve supply security.
- Germany's power grids will be made more efficient through the use of modern information technologies and the integration of electric vehicles.
- The additional demand for electric energy in this sector must be covered by power from renewable energy sources. As a priority unused power from fluctuating renewable energy sources is to be used for electric mobility based on load management. Excess demand must be met by tapping further renewable potential.
Germany to become the lead market of the future for electric mobility
- The leading role of the German automobile industry and its equipment manufacturers will be maintained and expanded.
- All opportunities of innovation-oriented public procurement management will be exploited.
- Establishing production capacities for cell and battery systems and the respective life cycle management in Germany will safeguard German industry's strategic capability to act.
- The establishment of new business models for electric mobility sector will open up opportunities for new products and services and thus for additional growth.
- Promoting standardisation (for example for sockets, connections or safety) will make electric mobility internationally feasible and at the same time support a strong position of German industry.
Innovation is the key to maintaining and expanding competitiveness
- Our goal is to bring industry and science closely together in the research field. Linking the automobile, energy and information technology sectors along the new value chain for electric mobility will generate a new wave of innovations.
- To achieve this goal research will be strengthened in all areas, research infrastructures linked and expanded and the exchange of researchers from industry and science supported.
- It will also be important to secure top competence and innovation dynamics in electric mobility in the long term. A training initiative for newly recruited technical and scientific staff will be launched.
- Electric mobility further implements our "getting away from oil" approach.
- Electric mobility is also aimed at promoting a new mobility culture and modern urban and spatial planning.
- The market launch of electric vehicles, in particular in local transport, will be accelerated: it is the ambitious goal of the Federal government to have one million electric vehicles on German roads by 2020. By 2030 the figure may be more than five million. By 2050 most urban transport will do without fossil fuels. This also comprises the establishment of a demand-oriented infrastructure for charging electric vehicles. The German government intends to support this establishment by creating adequate framework conditions.
- In addition to concepts for private motor traffic, there will also be support for concepts geared towards introducing electric mobility in the sector of commercial vehicles (for example inner city deliveries, local transport) and two-wheel vehicles.
Establishing societal framework conditions
- The openness of a society towards forthcoming changes is a fundamental prerequisite for the implementation of climate and energy policy targets.
- It is thus the goal of the Federal government to create transparency and provide information on the implementation of the development plan and to initiate a broad dialogue. During this process opportunities, challenges and targets will be reviewed and adapted constantly.
- The acceptance and the market development of electric vehicles will be supported by an adequate regulatory framework and incentive systems that are yet to be reviewed.