In Germany, 34 tons of raw materials are extracted and processed every second. The use of raw materials in production, among other environmental effects, is also directly linked to industrial greenhouse gas emissions. The productions of basic industries are of particular interest, as they are responsible for a large part of industrial emissions, and moreover for the first processing of non-renewable raw materials for the subsequent value chain. This study, by the Institute for Resource Efficiency and Energy Strategies (IREES) and commissioned by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, depicts the main categories of possible material-related options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in industry. Additionally, first policy recommendations are given on the basis of an assessment of GHG avoidance potentials and barriers. The study sets its focus on the particularly relevant production processes for the manufacture of steel, cement and mass-plastics and their respective value chains.